top of page

你是依賴人工智能還是在增強智能呢? Are you relying on artificial intelligence or augmented intelligence?

已更新:1月31日

2023年最常聽到的詞語莫過於AI (人功智能) 這兩個英文字. ChatGPT、Midjourney、Stable Diffusion 等AI系統相繼出現, 確實對不少美術創作者、文字工作者以及不同行業帶來前所未有的衝擊! 更有學者說將會有很多工種面臨失業危機. 在香港這個城市, AI一詞更成為了一種奇怪風氣, 不論是政界、商界一窩蜂都說要使用AI做什麼.... 在本土教育方面更是可怕, 不論是大學, 專上學院, 以及一些非牟利機構都以AI學習來招攬學生, 認為務求教育最新的科技, 幫助學生緊貼時代步伐! 你不難看到在各大學今年所開辦的學士或碩士新課程, 不是以NFT(非同質化代幣)、Metaverse(元宇宙) 就是以AI作招來. 有些課程收取每個學生每年四十多萬的驚人學費! 但這風氣下仍然不乏學生報讀, 特別是來港想轉往外地發展的內地生. 本人不評論這些辦學方式是否合理, 只以過去的專業經驗對AI的應用作一點分析. AI在電影及動畫行業應用已有相當耐的歷史. 遠早在2000年已經在魔戒電影三部曲(Lord of the Rings) 應用AI人群處理系統Massive來製作千軍萬馬的場面. 而當時本人也有機會在香港使用到這些昂貴的AI軟件, 應用在電影特效製作上. 我們只需教育AI學習不同的數據資料(AI要做什麼動作, 要觀察什麼? 要作什麼反應?), AI確實能夠幫助人簡化處理很多過去需要重複和花費時間工序, 也令效果更準確無誤. 但是有一個解決不了的問題, 做出來的只是從數據分析出來的結果. 畫面雖美但並沒有從藝術家經歷研究磨練下所創造出的生命力! 更感覺不到有靈魂的存在. 我不否認AI這確是人功智能帶給人類工作上的方便. 但正正就是因為這種方便, 已令人類及創作者漸漸步入另一個危機.


在電影特效、遊戲及動畫專業上. 學懂AI 動畫片, 設計圖就已是動畫師設計師, 已不需要專業訓練了! 如你確實認同這想法, 本人相信你並不適合在這行業工作, 也相信難以在這行業中做得長久. 如你是教育機構的管理者, 而想法也是這樣認同, 這樣真無法估計這個城市日後仍有沒有有靈魂的創作出現? 而訓練出來的學生, 會成為指令工人還是有生命力的藝術創作者呢? 還記得好幾年前看NHK有關訪問宮崎駿的紀錄片, 他在工作室看到一班年輕的3D動畫師正展示一些由AI創作出來的喪屍動作, 他看到後十分憤怒, 更說這些怪東西沒有靈魂. 如你是真的懂宮崎駿的電影, 就會很清楚明白每個鏡頭付出的努力並不是簡單, 要從線條、構圖、角色動態所呈現出來獨特的生命力, 是AI無法創造得到的. 就算取得宮崎駿電影數據, 也只能夠複製他的美術風格, 並無法將他的人生月曆, 成長經歷過的高低起跌, 創作出像《風起了》這些每次看完都會流哭, 洗滌每個人心靈的作品. 而電影裡每一個鏡頭, 都是動畫師們努力的心血, 通過數十年不斷的磨練, 才能令角色有靈魂的動起來. 這不是用技術或科技可以取代, 而是積月累的技巧、觀察環境的感知、並對世界觀察所得作出傳譯, 透過動畫方式來表現出來, 這是藝術. *要補充一點, 宮崎駿是最早運用3D技術的一代日本人! 早於80年代已測試新科技應用在動畫製作上. 如你認為做一個成功的動畫師/電影特效動畫師是這麼簡單, 我真的建議你不要來學動畫了. 因為相信你很快就支持不了, 或是很快會放棄讀下去. 也會找不到做動畫師創作中的樂趣! 如你是為想很快有成果, 更相信AI是可取代動畫師的專業技能及知識範疇, 這也相信你永遠不會達到動畫師因著要創作不同的作品, 而發展出無限大的求知動力, 以及從不同領域不斷研究學習的心理質素!


如你不想被社會及時代所淘汰, 不只是學懂應用最新科技就可以! 而是需要你勇於繼續開發自己的智能, 不斷磨練自己, 裝備自己有更高的技能, 具有更廣更深入的專業知識, 更要提升自己有更好的個人素質. 這樣才可以真正戰勝科技洪流, 與時並進.


鄧日昇 記錄於2024年1月29日

 

In 2023, the most frequently heard terms revolved around AI (Artificial Intelligence). AI systems like ChatGPT, Midjourney, Stable Diffusion, and others emerged, profoundly impacting artists, writers, and industries like never before. Some scholars even predicted that numerous professions would face unemployment due to AI advancements. AI has become a peculiar trend in Hong Kong, with political and business circles advocating its utilization without reservation. This trend extended to the local education sector, where universities, colleges, and non-profit organizations scrambled to recruit students by incorporating AI learning, believing it would keep students abreast of technological advancements. It is not difficult to see the new bachelor's or master's courses launched in various universities this year based on NFT (non-fungible token), Metaverse (metaverse), or AI. Some courses charge each student an astonishing tuition fee more than HKD$400,000 per year! However, despite this trend, many students are still applying, especially mainland students who come to Hong Kong and want to transfer to other places for development. It's worth noting that my intention isn't to critique the rationale behind these educational initiatives but to provide insights based on past professional experiences regarding AI applications. AI has a longstanding history of application in the film and animation industries. As early as 2000, AI crowd-processing systems like Massive were employed in producing epic scenes, such as those in the Lord of the Rings trilogy. I had the opportunity to witness these AI software applications firsthand in Hong Kong's film special effects industry. By instructing AI to learn from various datasets (what actions to perform, what to observe, how to react), it significantly simplified many previously repetitive and time-consuming processes, ensuring more accurate results. However, the outcomes were merely data analysis products, lacking the vitality and soulful essence derived from an artist's experiential knowledge and craftsmanship. While AI undeniably streamlines human tasks, this convenience inadvertently leads humanity and creators into another crisis. In the realm of film special effects, gaming, and animation, proficiency in AI has rendered tasks like animation and design accessible without specialized training. If you agree with this notion, it suggests that you might not be suited for this industry or may struggle to sustain a long-term career within it. If you're an educational institution administrator who shares this perspective, it's challenging to foresee whether this city will continue fostering creations imbued with vitality. Will trained students become mere operatives or vibrant artistic creators? Recalling a documentary on NHK featuring Hayao Miyazaki, several years ago, he visited a studio where 3D animators showcased zombie motions generated by AI. He was afflicted, remarking that such creations lacked souls. For those who genuinely understand Miyazaki's films, each frame represents tremendous effort, incorporating nuanced elements like lines, composition, and character dynamics to convey a unique vitality. AI cannot replicate this essence. Even if provided with Miyazaki's film data, it can merely mimic his artistic style, incapable of capturing his life experiences, growth, and the emotional depth portrayed in masterpieces like "The Wind Rises." Each frame in a film represents the dedication of animators honed over decades of practice, infusing characters with soulful movements—a feat beyond mere technological replication—its art. *I should add that Hayao Miyazaki was the first Japanese to use 3D technology! He had already tested the application of new technology in animation production as early as the 1980s.


If you believe becoming a successful animator or special effects artist is simple, I'd advise against pursuing animation. You'll likely struggle or eventually give up, failing to discover the joy of creativity within animation.

If you are looking for quick results and believe that artificial intelligence can replace the expertise and knowledge of an animator. In this case, you can never have a greater desire for knowledge and exploration, and this desire is what drives animators to constantly evolve and innovate.

To avoid becoming obsolete by society and technology, mere familiarity with the latest tech isn't enough. You must continue to develop your intelligence, hone your skills, have broader and deeper expertise and enhance your personal qualities. Only then can you truly navigate the currents of technological advancement and progress alongside the times. Tang Yat Shing, Sunny

January 29, 2024

100 次查看0 則留言

Comments


bottom of page